Most of the Keralites are well-versed in English. In India, Kerala is the state with the highest literacy rate. Kerala, southwestern coastal state of India. Formation of Kerala Society and Culture Page 5 UNIT-I INTRODUCTION Kerala, regionally referred to as Keralam, is a state in the south-west region of India on the Malabar Coast.It was formed on 1 November 1956 as per the States Reorganisation Act by combining various Malayalam-speaking regions.Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi) it is Required fields are marked *. The literacy rate of women is one of the highest in Asia. The traditional women of Kerala wear blouses and sarees, especially ‘set sarees’ on auspicious occasions which are also known as ‘Kasavu’ while men wear a piece of garment which they wrap around their waist in a specific manner which is known as ‘mundu’. Here's How Kerala's 150-Year-Old Tradition Of Forcing Woman To Keep Their Breasts Uncovered Came To An End. It is said to be a life-changing experience that is staged in various temples of North Kerala, typically in Kannur and Kasaragod. Thrissur Pooram is known as the festival of temples. Kerala, being very close to equator, has a tropical climate. Also read: Important events to explore in Kerala, Your email address will not be published. But whenever any religious event or a wedding or any other function is celebrated, they make sure that traditions are followed, and people wear only the traditional attires. And therefore, the State of Kerala is one beauty of its own. Kerala once had an agrarian culture on which the whole lifestyle of people was dependent. Kerala state information. The mainstay of Kerala's economy is Agriculture. Kerala tradition and culture is very influence on its neighbouring states, like Tamilnadu and Karnataka. The attraction of this place is the numerous types of Pookalams they put in front of their houses which is actually done for the warm welcome of Great King Mahabali who is believed to be visiting the people’s home. This quiet and beautiful town that is close to the northern tip of Sri Lanka has elements of several cultures, and this coming together of languages and influences is why it has been recognised as one of the intellectual capitals of the Tamil world. Over the years, the people of Kerala … Kalaripayattu is the traditional martial art dance form of Kerala and is considered to be the mother of all martial arts. The traditional themes of the Kathakali are folk mythologies, religious legends, and … Kerala is anyways also known for the hospitality it offers to the visitors, guests, and tourists. There are many basic similarities between the two. Men, who live in city, wear pants and shirts and women wear saris. Matriarchal system, a unique social system is followed in Kerala. Most of them stick to their original and traditional way of living, which is away from the glitter of the stressful city life. Lifestyle. Women are the majority sex, average life expectancy is closer to that in the US than India, literacy rates are almost double that of the rest of India. The famous Kerala Sadhya is a meal prepared during festivals and functions. Elephants form an integral part of the culture of Kerala. Elephants are known as 'sons of Shaya' and are also found on the emblem of the Government of Kerala. Elephants are found during all religious festivals outside the temples. Today, people in Kerala live a largely traditional lifestyle, and much of the rich culture and heritage of the region is well-preserved. This clearly means that women in Kerala enjoy a better status than anywhere else in the country. It is widely believed that many people who immigrated to the Jaffna peninsula in centuries past came from Kerala. Malayalam is spoken by the people of Kerala and so sometimes, they are also referred to as 'Malayalees'. ! Kerala … Malayalam is the main language spoken by them. H… The women generally dress- up in their traditional attire, known as Set Mundu, which looks like a sari that is worn with a blouse. Here are the most remarkable aspects of Malayali culture that you need to know. Kerala is a place where people have different culture and lifestyle. 12. Kanniyar Kali is also known as Desathukali which is one of the old folk forms of Kerala. They give a lot of importance to education and as a result the literacy rate is quite high here. kerala culture and tradition food and culture of kerala kerala culture dress cultural heritage of kerala art forms food and lifestyle of kerala. Earlier in Kerala, families used to follow the system of Matriarchy. Onam festival. The traditional festivals of Kerala are Onam and Vishu. This folk dance is usually performed in the festive season of Onam and Thiruvathira. Not only modern education is importance for them, but the elders make it a point that they also offer religious and cultural teachings to their younger generations. The life expectancy in Kerala is 74 years, among the highest in India as of 2011. Thiruvathira Kali which is also known as the Kaikotti Kali is performed by women in symmetric circles. lifestyle of kerala: The journey from ‘Thorthu’ to ‘Mundu’ to ‘Saree’ might have been a beautiful shift for women. They are art lovers. The cultural variety of Kerala was created by its unique geographic features as it lies … There are several rituals of Kerala which are majorly the temple ritual. The people of Kerala, 'God's Own Country' are known to be the simplest and extremely down to earth, who lead a simple lifestyle. The natives of Kerala dress in an ordinary manner. After the advent of Christianity, Kerala had a more liberal and modern approach towards life. Following simple lifestyle, keralites find pleasure in simple things of life. This attire involves careful draping of 2 pieces of long cloth on oneself. Both the Aryan and Dravidian culture are amalgamated in this place to recreate a blissful and peaceful co-existence of the people living there. It is no exaggeration if one says that they are extremely proud of their rich cultural … The journey from ‘Thorthu’ to ‘Mundu’ to ‘Saree’ might have been a beautiful shift for women. Highly Commendable…!! Kerala has a prestigious educational level and even the agricultural background has faced several positive improvements in technology. The folklore of Kerala includes elements from the traditional lifestyle of the people of Kerala. Several poetries and prose too emerged namely, ‘Sandesha Kavyas’. There are a plethora of rice preparations, such as dosa, idli, appam, and so on. The younger generations prefer western clothing on a usual basis but wear those attires informal and traditional occasions. Ezhuthachan who has given astounding contribution in the 16th century to the Malayalam literature is addressed as the father of Malayalam language. Though things have changed today because of economic and social convenience. Traces of a matriarchal system mean that Malayali women enjoy a degree of social respect denied to women in most other communities. If you are planning to visit the southern state any time soon, keep these important pointers and dos and don’ts in mind, so as to have some clarity. They like to eat a balanced diet in their daily routine. On the wedding occasions they wear different red based colours. Almost kerala people are very away from modern lifestyles of metropolitan cities. The Nairs are Kerala’s only practicing matriarchy today. Malayalam literature can be traced back to the 13th century majorly consists of songs (pattu) and poems. It makes people live in different cultures and religions. One cultural event that I mentioned above but will mention again here, is watching Theyyam! Here's How Kerala's 150-Year-Old Tradition Of Forcing Woman To Keep Their Breasts Uncovered Came To An End . The gorgeous sanctuaries, backwaters, museums, beaches, and most importantly temples make this State a popular destination across the world. These days western culture has had a common influence on people not unlike the rest of India and people have started wearing western clothes like shirts, jeans, skirts, dresses, etc. Its sex ratio is also favourable at 1084 (1084 women per 1000 men) according to 2011 census. They are proud of their culture and will go to any lengths to preserve them. Cases of evils like abortions, fatal daughter syndrome and female infanticide are very rare. Museum promoted by Mrs. & Mr. George Thaliath aims to preserve, the culture, heritage and folk art education. The culture of Kerala is composite and cosmopolitan in nature and it is an integral part of Indian culture. 3 Days Wayanad Tour with Vythiri Treehouse. The younger generation has become quite fashionable and wears everything from jeans to Salwar- Kameez. The people of Kerala, 'God's Own Country' are known to be the simplest and extremely down to earth, who lead a simple lifestyle. The Kerala region, like the Indian sub-continent, can claim to have a culture the history of which runs into the dim recesses of antiquity. November 1st is celebrated as Keralappiravi (Birth of Kerala) Day (also observed as Malayalam Divasam or Malayalam Day). The language spoken here is Malayalam. Thus, it is not just the land but also the culture and heritage of Kerala that justify the state’s sobriquet of ‘God’s Own Country’. Kerala is India’s statistical aberration! Kindly give us your requirement and our travel expert will help you to plan your tour. Folklore in this region is a spontaneous expression of human behavior and thoughts. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The traditional beliefs, customs, rituals etc. Historians and legends claim that the emergence of the State of Kerala was out of the sea when King Parshuram threw the battle axe he owned into the sea. The fascinating traditional dance forms of Kerala are Mohini Aatam and Kathakali. Your email address will not be published. Location KERALA is an Indian state located on the Malabar coast The state has an area of 38,863 km (15,005 sq mi) and is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south and the Arabian Sea on the west. The biggest festival celebrated by Malayalis is Onam. A “Kalari” is the school, or training hall, where this form of martial art is taught. Kerala has a rich tradition of Folklore. Keralite men generally wear white-colored Mundu (dhoti) along with a shirt or a cotton 'lungi'. Climate . Kerala stretches for about 360 miles along the Malabar Coast, varying in width from roughly 20 to 75 miles. Keralites encourage their children not only for excelling in studies but also in dance, music and sports. It is celebrated in honour of the mythical King Mahabali, who ruled over the land of the Malayalis. Due to migrations, many people getting shelter in Kerala.Tamilians, Tulus, Kannada, Konkanis, Mahls, Gujaratis, Bengalis, and Sikhs different ethnic people live in Kerala at different parts. … Manmohan Singla will speak on ‘Curate digital footprints plan’ at the Govt College, Covid Vaccination drive to kick off on 16th January 2021: PM Narendra Modi. SELF. Kerala culture is, in fact, an integral part of Indian culture. The culture of the Malayali's are also said to be the culture of the whole country. Keralites have a lifestyle that is not at all complicated and therefore, they are content and happy owing to their unfussy pleasures of life. Kathakali is a vibrant Kerala art form, where the artist wears elaborate costumes, face paint, and sometimes masks. Today ‘Malabari Biriyani’ is well known around the country. It is no exaggeration if one says that they are extremely proud of their rich cultural heritage and these values have been preserved from generations. Kalaripayattu. Generally speaking, Folklore could be defined as the lore of the common people who had been marginalized during the reign of feudal Kings. Ltd. © 2018 All Right Reserved Jugaadin.com, CULTURE OF KERALA CUSTOM, TRADITION AND LIFESTYLE. Onam is the famous manifestation of the Culture of Kerala. As more travellers have started planning domestic trips just so they can have a change of scene, Kerala has emerged as a popular destination for those looking to satiate their wanderlust. Kerala is the land of Arts, their life is associated with the art and culture of the state. Indian culture is repository and manifestation of thousands of years old traditions, ancient wisdom, evolved lifestyle, refined philosophies, intricate architecture; festive, earthy and godly music styles, numerous dance forms, delicious but nourishing cuisines, varied religious practices etc. KERALA God’s own Country 2. Coconut oil and coconut milk are used for thickening flavors. ‘Mundu’ is similar to ‘Dhoti’ and ‘Lungi’. Generally they wear white or off-white costumes. The lifestyle of Keralites is uncomplicated and they seem happy and content with the simple pleasures of life. The must-visit places in the land of Kerala are Alleppy, Kumarakom, Munnar, and Kovalam. They take pride in their rich heritage of culture which they have preserved since ages. Keralites mostly speak Malayalam but a few will speak different languages too. King Parshuram was said to be an avatar of Lord Vishnu and therefore, the State of Kerala was literally known to be the “Gods Own Country”. As part of … Kerala Folklore Museum is a cultural hub to promote and preserve the culture and heritage of South India. Music has a divine place in the tradition of Kerala. Kerala people are the combination of Hindus, Muslims and Christians. As far as hygiene is concerned, the natives of Kerala give a lot of importance to healthcare, cleanliness and excellent physical quality of life. The traditional way of eating the food here is on the banana leaf. It is a small state, constituting only about 1 percent of the total area of the country. Anywhere in this world, people belong to different religions, races, and communities will live together. Read More about Art and Culture of Kerala [Click to know about Kerala’s people and lifestyle] 3. Kerala has the highest literacy rate in India. Carnatic music is again a popular form. To find the dates and times, you can simply look them up online here. Even the Kathakali music is popular here. While Vishu which is considered to be the New Year of Kerala is celebrated in the month of Malayalam called Medam which comes around the month of April. The Keralites have their culture and lore which were mostl… The Kerala government issued guidelines further easing COVID-19 lockdown restrictions imposed on cultural programmes and other recreational activities. Kerala is one of India's most progressive States in terms of social welfare and quality of life. The cuisine of this coastal region is rice, fish, meat, poultry fully loaded with a number of spices for the preparations. Kerala Culture Architecture 1. Keralites follow a cosmopolitan outlook that can be seen in their tolerance towards the several residing religions and communities. It is synthesis of Aryan and Dravidian cultures, defined by its antiquity and the organic continuity sustained by the Malayali people. To know what a cultural synthesis is, one can study the culture of the people of Kerala which has been contributed by people of different races. Jugaadin Digital Services Pvt. Kerala Music: Like the rest of South India, Kerala's classical music is essentially Carnatic, raag - taal based music.It is also famed for Sopanam. All Self Style Who We Are. Most of them stick to their original and traditional way of living, which is away from the glitter of the stressful city life. Kerala is famous and mostly exploited for the variety of spices, especially the black pepper, and therefore it is also known as the “Spice Garden of India”. Spices like asafoetida, turmeric powder, mustard seeds, curry leaves, and chilies are frequent items in food preparation in Kerala. They are known as "keralites", since they are natives of Kerala.The people of Kerala are very protective about their religion and ancient practices,rituals and traditions. Kerala is extravagant in its own terms with attractive tourist destinations and enthralling activities to engage with. Tourism and Export are also a significant role in the economy of this South Indian state. Kerala, a land of cultural diversity, is a complete whole made up of a blending of various religions, communities, regional cultures and language variations. Known as 'Keralites', the natives of Kerala like to stay close to their ancient traditions, rituals, practices and religion. It has one of India's highest literacy rates, highest life expectancy and lowest child mortality rates. Onam is a ten-day harvest fest usually celebrated in the month of August or September. The official animal of the State is an Indian Elephant. Known as 'Keralites', the natives of Kerala like to stay close to their ancient traditions, rituals, practices and religion. Here's How Kerala's 150-Year-Old Tradition Of Forcing Woman To Keep Their Breasts Uncovered Came To An End. Even though Kerala is home to Malayalis, different ethnic groups people will also live here. Though Kerala occupies a small part of the South of India it is noted for its varied cultural heritage which includes the arts, cuisines and dance forms. Kerala traditional costumes are very simply and attractive. Resulting which, it was the first state in India where the female literacy rate exceeded their male counterparts. Kerala is also well – known as the “Land of Coconut Trees” as you will encounter coconut trees all around the State. Kerala culture can be compared to a chain made of different coloured beads and the thread through which the beads are strung is the Malayalam language. The folk dances of Kerala are as follows: Kaikotti Kali dance, Kuthiyotam dance, Kakkarissi Kali, Thirayattam dance, Kathakali, and Kanniyar Kali. Self. are reflected in the folkart and songs of Kerala. The culture of the Malayalis are … Kerala’s cuisine is a beautiful amalgamation of Arabian, Malabari & French influences along with a unique touch of the state’s very own culture. The auspicious traditional festival of Kerala is Onam which is a ten-day festival celebrated annually by all the Keralites. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram. While today, this pattern is only followed on certain auspicious days. Some of the age-old rituals and traditions of Kerala involve the presence and combined efforts of people from different religious faiths. Updated with Geography, history, government, economy, travel info, food, festivals, dance & music, art & culture of Kerala ‘Manipravalam poetry’ which is known to be a mixture of Malayalam and Sanskrit language, flourished in this region. ‘Sopana Sangeetam’ which is a form of classical folk music, invocatory sung inside the temples. 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